Chalazia & Styes

Chalazion & Stye are lumps in or along the eyelid. In some cases, it is difficult to distinguish the two. Chalazion occurs when the oil-producing gland (Meibomian gland) in the eyelid enlarges and the gland gets clogged with oil. Stye occurs because of the infected eyelash follicle and it appears as a red, sore lump. A stye can turn into a chalazion if it does not heal.

Symptoms of Chalazion & Stye

Nearly 25% of chalazion has no symptoms and they go away on their own. However, sometimes, a chalazion may become red and swollen and a larger one can cause blurred vision. The initial symptoms of stye include redness and eyelid tenderness. There might be irritation and scratchiness. Some of the other symptoms are:

  • Tearing

  • Red bump along the eyelid's edge

  • Light sensitivity

People at risk

Anyone can develop chalazion or stye. However, people with blepharitis are more likely to get affected. People can also be affected if:

They had chalazia or styes earlier
They suffer from skin conditions like seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea and acnea
They use contaminated cosmetics
They fail to remove eye makeup completely

Chalazia and Styes Causes

A stye develops when the eyelash follicle is infected. It also develops when there is an infection in one of the meibomian glands. Blepharitis can also result in a stye. Chalazion develops when the oil gland of the eyelid is blocked. While a stye is painful, chalazion is painless.

Chalazion and Stye Treatment

You must not squeeze a stye or chalazion. This may result in spreading of the infection. A chalazion or stye can be treated in the following ways:

Warm compresses

It is one of the most common methods to treat chalazion and stye. Here, you need to soak a washcloth in hot water and apply it on the affected area for about 15 minutes. Repeat the exercise three or five times a day, until you are fully cured. You must constantly soak the cloth in hot water to maintain heat. The compress allows the gland to open along with a yellow or white discharge.

Antibiotic creams

In cases when warm compresses do not work, your doctor will prescribe antibiotic creams.

Removal by surgery

If the chalazion or stye is large and affects your vision, then your doctor will remove it via surgery.

Dr Somdutt Prasad, a noted eye surgeon in Kolkata, knows the nuances of treatment of chalazia and styes. i4vision, a top-notch eye care clinic in Kolkata, has state of the art facilities to treat patients suffering from the condition.