Macular degeneration is a condition of the breakdown of the eye's macula. Macula is responsible for central vision and allows you to see the fine details. Though the macula is only a tiny part of the retina, yet it is very much sensitive to details. Macular degeneration occurs as a part of the body's aging process. Age-related macular degeneration is the most common macular problems.
The condition leads to loss of vision. It begins in just one eye and can affect the other eye later. There are two types of macular degeneration namely:
Dry macular degeneration
Dry macular degeneration leads to vision loss gradually. People developing the condition must monitor their central vision carefully and in case of any changes, they must immediately consult an eye doctor. Dry form can lead to the more dangerous wet form.
Wet macular degeneration
This is more dangerous than dry macular degeneration. It occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow beneath the retina. These vessels may leak blood, thereby, affecting central vision. Vision loss from wet macular degeneration is faster and more noticeable than dry macular degeneration.
As of now, there is no concrete treatment for dry macular degeneration. However, studies have shown that zinc antioxidant vitamins can reduce the impact of the condition by slowing its progression to more advanced stages.
Anti-VEGF and thermal laser treatments are used to cure wet macular degeneration. These treatments reduce the risk of vision loss. However, they don’t eliminate the risk of vision loss.
In the case of an untreatable macular degeneration, you need to make the most of your remaining vision with the help of special low-vision rehabilitation program.