Myopia

What is Myopia

Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a condition when eyes do not bend properly to a single focus to view ../images clearly. People suffering from this disease find it difficult to view distant objects. However, they can see close objects clearly.

The disease affects children aged between 8 to 12 years old. As the body grows, the condition worsens. It can also affect adults. While mild myopia is known as low myopia, severe myopia is called high myopia. People suffering from the disease are vulnerable to detached retina. Patients with high myopia develop the risk of developing cataract or glaucoma.

Myopia Causes

The condition occurs when the cornea is too steep or the eye is longer than normal. Because of this, light is focused in front of the retina and not on it. This makes distant objects appear blurred.

Symptoms of Myopia

The symptoms of the disease are:

Headache
Eyestrain
Difficulty in viewing far away objects


Diagnosis

If you experience the above symptoms, consult an eye doctor. Your doctor can diagnose it after conducting a standard vision test. If you test positive for myopia in the vision test, your doctor will use certain devices to learn the exact causes of the disease.

Myopia treatment

Contact lenses or eyeglasses are the most common ways to treat the disease. They refocus light rays on the retina to help you better view far away objects. In several cases, people opt for LASIK or other refractive surgeries. Here, the cornea is reshaped to correct vision.

Orthokeratology is also used to treat nearsightedness. Here, a series of hard contact lenses are used to reduce refractive error and flatten the cornea. However, it is a temporary solution and once the usage of lens is discontinued the disease returns.